Wednesday, 7 August 2013


Elements of designs are the building blocks of designs. They can be defined in any visual design or work of art. They initiates a wide variety if messages and ideas.

Line is the first element of design, it can be straight or curved. Line shows its impact through its flow and direction. Line can show movement, creates texture effect or even can show any emotional influence. It exists in nature as a structural feature such as branches, or as surface design, such as striping on a tiger or a seashell. Even limited lines can also suggest foms which are recognisable.

Shape is the second important element of design. Shapes are geometrical or organic form which are self-defined areas. Shape can be defined through using lines, textures or colours. Shape in 3D is known as form. It can be clear, blurred or hazzy.  When a line crosses itself or intersects with other lines to enclose a space it creates a shape. Shape is two-dimensional it has heights and width but no depth.

 Next element is very important in any artistic work, i.e., colour. Colour is a mixture of three primary colours and with these primary colours, secondary and tertiary colour takes place. Color comes form light. Colour has temperature as some colour are hot, cool, dull, pale or light colours. Every colour has its intensity and value. It is also known as Hue.

After colour, Tone is the next element required in a design, it is light and day. It gives the impression of distance. It can give motion to an image.  Highly contrasting tones give l feel of passion and energy, softer tones give a soothing effect. Tone can create rhythm, with the eyes jumping from one dark tone to another. Tone is the property of colour.

Texture is the surface quality of a shape - rough, smooth, soft hard glossy etc. It is also one of the important elements of design as it s concerned with touch, how something feels. It can give the effect of roughness, shine or any surface feel. It can also show deftness in the design.   Texture also refers to the way a picture is made to look rough or smooth.

An simple art can also be shown through direction. Therefore, Elements of design also includes direction. It is about how our eyes moves around any art work. Direction shows the flow of the design. It can be horizontal, vertical, straight, curved or sloppy. It can suggest movement by the speed at which it is changed. It can be balanced to give stability or imbalanced to give tension.

Size is also one of the elements of design. Size is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one shape to that of another. It can give space, it can make closer objects appear larger and make distant objects appear smaller.

This is Textile Article is Posted By Ms.Ankita agarwal - Textile Designer,Freelance artist, CAD designer

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