Different Type of Finishes in Textile - You know that the word “textile” means the complete study of fibres, yarns and fabric. Certain treatments are applied to improve the look and qualities of textile goods. These
Treatments are called finishes.
A finish is a treatment given to a fabric, to change its appearance, handling or performance. Its purpose is to make the fabric more suitable for its end use.
Finishing is the final steps of wet processing of technology . A textile products either it is dyed or printed it needs to add some finishing feathers before marketing. By applying different finishing techniques a product becomes more comfortable to use. So finishing should be easier to apply.
The making of marketable and consumer useable textiles is not completed after fabric production, dyeing or printing operation. Fabrics usually still need to undergo additional steps known as Finishing. Finishing is the final processing before the fabric is cut into apparel or made into any articles of textiles.
Finishing is what improves attractiveness and makes fabrics suitable for use. There are different types of finishing operation. Some make fabric stiffer, some make softener, some make fabric water repellent or water proof, some make shrink-resistant or fire-proof etc.
Mechanical finishes also called as dry finishes. This type of finishes involves specific physical treatment to a fabric surface to cause a change in fabric appearance and Chemical finishes usually applied to fabric by padding followed by curing or drying.
Permanent finishes involves a chemical change in fiber structure and do not change throughout the life of a fabric.
Durable finishes Usually last throughout the life of a fabric, effectiveness becomes diminished after each cleaning and near the end of normal use life of the fabrics, the finishing is nearly removed.
Semi-durable finishes Usually last several launderings or dry cleanings and many are removal in home laundering or dry cleaning.
Temporary finishes Removed or substantionaly diminished the first time an article is laundered or dry cleaning.
Objectives of finishing -
To improve attractiveness of the fabric. To increase the life time or durability of the fabric. To meet up specific requirement of the fabric for achieve the final goal.
Finishing plays an important role in the modern age. Everyone likes to wear finished products with some special types of finishing. Finishing of the fabric depends on the requirement of the buyer. Different types of finishing machine are use in finishing operation.